People with type 1 diabetes do not produce insulin. Insulin is necessary to transfer glucose from the bloodstream into the body. This form of diabetes is typically diagnosed in children and young adults. Only 5% of the people with diabetes have this form of the disease. Type 2 diabetes is much more common. In this form of the disease blood sugar levels rise to higher than normal, which is sometimes called hyperglycemia. Patients with type 2 diabetes do not use insulin properly, their pancreas’ may manufacture additional insulin to make up for the difference needed, but over time it is not able to keep up with the demand.
The risk factors for type 1 diabetes are typically related to genetics and family history. However, for type 2 diabetes, an individual's behaviors can have a huge effect on his or her likelihood of developing the disease. The common factors which can lead to pre-diabetes or type 2 diabetes include:
If you have been diagnosed recently with diabetes, your doctor will discuss a treatment plan including lifestyle changes that will help you to live with your disease. You may need to adjust your diet and take more exercise. Your doctor may prescribe medicine or regular glucose checks. Eating a healthy diet with plenty of non-starchy vegetables and taking more regular exercise will help you to lose fat and process insulin more effectively. If your physician advises regular glucose level checks, you will need to learn how to administer the checks at home. It is also essential that you attend all of your appointments with your physician and any recommended specialists to monitor your disease and overall health.
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Dr. William King is a great doctor who truly has a heart for his work. I truly appreciate his commitment to quality healthcare and the welfare of his patients.